Thinking outside the box idea is as old as the existence of humans on earth. But thinking outside of the earth came to be as early as 90 A.D. When a Greek astronomer and mathematician Claudius Ptolemy (c. 100 – c. 170) scientifically designed the first model of the solar system in which the stars, the sun, and other planets revolve around the earth. Before the scientific explanation, there were many lores about the moon. A very old European tradition holds that a man was banished to the moon for stealing from his neighbors. One medieval Christian tradition claims him to be Cain (Kabil in the Muslim religion) the wanderer, forever doomed to circle the earth. Then comes the Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) tried to put proposed a heliocentrism solar model where the earth and other planets revolve around the sun in the center of the solar system. But many people opposed this saying everything revolves around the earth. Many years passed everyone realized they were wrong all planets revolve around the sun and they named Galileo the “father of observational astronomy.
But from there how come mankind took their first step on the moon right?
It all begins when the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic now known as Russia sends the very first satellite “Sputnik-1” into the earth’s orbit on October 4, 1957. The same year on November 3 the Soviet Union also sends a living breathing animal into the earth’s orbit via successor of their first satellite “Sputnik-2” and the animal was a dog named Laika. Someone should have called PETA for animal cruelty. Then people started chatting about outer space. The Soviet Union ignited a fire that will curve the way for the whole of mankind and that’s not the end. On January 2, 1959 The Soviet Union launches another spacecraft named “Luna-1” also known as “the first cosmic rocket” becoming the first spacecraft successfully leaves the earth’s orbit and enters into space. the success after success came for the Soviet Union in 1959 their “Luna-2” took pictures of the never-before-seen far side of the moon. After sitting around for quite a few years then comes in the USA sending mankind first weather satellite “TIROS-1″( Television infrared observation satellite) on April 1, 1960. No, it was not an April fool’s joke to the Soviet Union. The United States was serious. From then the great race begins. But the Soviet Union Came back hard with their first cosmonaut( Russians for astronaut) Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968) orbits the earth in “Vostok-1” becoming the first space explorer. While the president of the United States was placing diplomacy on outer space. It just means no weapon, no planet-destroying spacecraft yes, I am also bummed out. To win against the Soviet Union the United States called for some help from the good old British lad and mademoiselle France to launch a telecommunication satellite “Telstar-1” on July 10, 1962. And again the Soviet Union hits hard with the first-ever woman cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova (1937-Present) sending her outer space and increasing the gap between the United States and the Soviet Union even greater while also forcing us to take women seriously they are not only for cooking foods and raising babies. Now, this would be a great show about a high achieving woman I would love to watch unlike that horrible show keeping up with the Kardashians. Folks remember it’s my opinion and mine alone. I hate that show you can like it if you want and I will judge you for that. It also goes the same way for me too you can judge me for my likes and dislikes. Never the less success came pouring down for the Soviet Union as on March 18, 1995 soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov(1934-2019) first-ever spacewalk. Leonov spends 12 minutes in the vacuum of space before joining his crew in the “Voskhod-2”. Ed White(1930-1967) becomes the second person and first American who took a spacewalk the following year. As more and more competition grew between the Soviet Union and the United States while the Soviet Union was always two steps ahead and the United States was left playing catchups. On February 3, 1966 the Soviet Union struck another SIX by successfully landing “Luna-9” on the surface of the moon making it the first probe to land on the moon. The Soviet Union kept widening the margins between them and the United States. All those successes also brought its burden as a soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov (1927-1967) becomes the first space explorer to die during a space mission when the parachute system of his “Soyuz-1” spacecraft failed during re-entry. As the Soviet Union mourns for the fallen the United States swoops in and takes the first place in 1968 by successfully launching and return of “Apollo-8” which is the first man-operated spacecraft to enter the moon’s orbit and witnessing the earthrise for the first time in human history. In spit of the Soviet Union tried to fight back by docking their “Soyuz-4” and “Soyuz-5” together making first-ever space station on January 16, 1969. But who can stop the United States only six months after that a spacecraft called “Apollo-11” carrying 3 crew members (1. Neil Armstrong, 2. Buzz Aldrin, 3. Michael Collins) successfully landed on the surface of the moon. Neil Armstrong (1930-2012) manually lands the spacecraft himself which wasn’t the plan. At 10:56 p.m. EDT Armstrong is ready to plant the first human foot on another world with half a billion people watching on television he climbs down the ladder plants his feet on the moon’s surface and say, “That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind”. Aldrin joins him shortly and offers a simple but powerful description of the lunar surface “Magnificent Desolation”. After exploring the surface for two and a half hours, collecting samples, and taking photographs they blast off docking with Collin with Columbia the crew splashes down off Hawaii on July 24, 1969. As then-president John F. Kennedy(1917-1963) challenged to put a man on the moon before the decade is out. Kennedy’s challenge has been met.
This was not only a win for the United States but also for the whole of humankind. The United States couldn’t accomplish this success without tons of data of the soviet cosmonauts. As far as thinking out of space it only began for mankind there are many journeys to come, a lot of discoveries, loads of inventions. Humanity maybe 200,000 years old but we took our first steps on July 20, 1969.