THE GREAT SPINX OF GIZA- History Of The Ancient Structure

The Great Spinx of Giza is the most famous sculpture .is the most instantly recognizable statue associated with ancient Egypt and among the most famous in the world. The Great Sphinx of Giza is a giant 4,500-year-old limestone statue. With a lions body and human head.  it represents Ra-Horakhty, a form of the powerful sun god, and is the incarnation of royal power and the protector of the temple doors. The monument is the largest surviving sculpture from the ancient world


The largest and most famous sphinx is the Great Sphinx of Giza, situated on the Giza Plateau adjacent to the Great Pyramids of Giza on the west bank of the Nile River and facing east. The sphinx is located southeast of the pyramids. While the date of its construction is not known for certain, general consensus among egyptologists is that the head of the Great Sphinx bears the likeness of the pharaoh Khafra, while a fringe minority of late 20th century geologists have claimed evidence of water erosion in and around the Sphinx enclosure which would prove that the Sphinx predates Khafra, a claim that is sometimes referred to as the Sphinx water erosion hypothesis, but which has little support among egyptologists.



The most compelling evidence that the Sphinx was built for the Egyptian Pharaoh Khafre during his reign (2520-2494 BC) is in the architecture, geology, and archaeology of the Sphinx and its related monuments. … The Sphinx may have been intended to associate the king with the sun god.


According to a research led by Mark Lehner, the construction of the Great Sphinx would have taken approximately 3 years to finish with 100 workers steadfast on the job. The whole statue was made from a single rock of limestone. The estimates show that the tools used by the workers were copper chisels and hammers.


The Sphinx was not assembled piece by piece but was carved from a single mass of limestone exposed when workers dug a horseshoe-shaped quarry in the Giza plateau. Approximately 66 feet tall and 240 feet long, it is one of the largest and oldest monolithic statues in the world.


There are various legends of secret passages associated with the Great Sphinx. Investigations by Florida State University, Waseda University in Japan, and Boston University, have located various anomalies in the area around the monument, although these could be natural features. In 1995 CE, workers renovating a nearby parking lot uncovered a series of tunnels and pathways, two of which plunge further underground close to the Sphinx.


Robert Bauval believes these are contemporaneous with the Sphinx itself. Between 1991 and 1993 CE, while examining evidence for erosion at the monument using a seismograph, Anthony West’s team found evidence of anomalies in the form of hollow, regularly shaped spaces or chambers, a few metres below the ground, between the paws and at either side of the Sphinx. No further examination has been allowed.


The most common wisdom holds that the monolith is around 4,500 years old, and was built for Khafre, a pharaoh of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty who lived circa 2603-2578 B.C. His pyramid is the second tallest of the pyramids built at Giza, next to his father Khufu’s Great Pyramid.

In 1979 it was registered as a World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO. This World Heritage Site consists of city ruins of Memphis, and the cemetery ruins in the west coast of the Nile on the other side of Memphis.


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