THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA- History Of The Greatest Wonder Of The World.

The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest wonders of the world. This is a very ancient structure.This is the longest wall of the world and this is one of the largest building construction projects undertaken.The total length of the Great Wall of China built in different dynasties is 21,196.18 kilometers (13,170.70 miles), announced by China’s State Administration of Cultural Relics in 2012. The widest section of the wall is around 9 metres (30 ft).

The Great Wall of China was built for defensive purposes. This was built to defend the invasions from some northern nomadic nations and to protect China from its enemies and invaders from the North, especially the Mongols. The Mongols were a tribal group that would regularly conduct raids into China. Despite the wall, the Mongols eventually conquered China. The Wall also kept Chinese citizens from leaving China.

It took more than 2,500 years to finish the construction of the Great Wall. The wall was not built in a single time period, but combined effort of many states and dynasties in history.The Great Wall was built by emperors, generals, and state lords.

The Great Wall easily required the greatest human effort of any ancient construction. 100 million tonnes bricks, stones, soil  were transported and assembled by million of soldiers,peasants, prisoners, and animals using basic rope, wood, and basket systems on remote terrain ranging from parched desert to steep mountain ridges.There might to be approximately 3,873,000,000 individual bricks used to build the Great Wall of China, though the precise number remains unresolved. A large number of workers have lost their lives while building the wall.

Most of the Great Wall sections we see today were built with bricks, and cut stone blocks/slabs. Where bricks and blocks weren’t available, tamped earth, uncut stones, wood, and even reeds were used as local materials.

When Emperor Qin Shi Huang ordered construction of the Great Wall around 221 B.C., the labor force that built the wall was made up largely of soldiers and convicts. It is said that as many as 400,000 people died during the wall’s construction; many of these workers were buried within the wall itself.

The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest sights in the world — the longest wall in the world, an awe-inspiring feat of ancient defensive architecture. The Great Wall of China, one of the greatest wonders of the world, was listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987. With a history of about 2,700 years, some of the Great Wall sections are now in ruins or have disappeared. However, the Great Wall of China is still one of the most appealing attractions all around the world owing to its architectural grandeur and historical significance.

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